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John Scott Haldane (1860–1936) first described a CO2 analyzer in the early 20th century. He built an apparatus in which a sample of gas, kept at a constant temperature and pressure, was drawn through a series of absorbents and its concentration was derived from the decreasing volume.
Despite this long history, clinical capnography (which measures the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (CO2) in exhaled breath over time) was introduced into the United States as recently as 1978. Five anesthetists attended the launch meeting at the world congress of intensive care medicine and two of them concluded that it would prove to be 'of little value'. Yet a Canadian malpractice insurer offers massive discounts for anesthetists who utilize capnography. This is illuminating not only because it indicates how important the technique is now considered, but more so in that it implies that there are anesthetists who still do not measure end-tidal carbon dioxide.
The reason why malpractice insurers consider capnography to be so important is its ability to distinguish between tracheal and oesophageal intubation. Oesophageal intubation still causes death and expensive morbidity. A report of the American Society of Anaesthesiologists committee on professional liability found that the presence of breath sounds on auscultation had been documented in 18 out of 29 cases of unrecognized oesophageal intubation that caused injury. With improving technology, this potentially life-saving measurement tool should be available outside the operating suite. This may be in the form of miniaturized electronics or even semi-quantitative colorimetric devices (glorified litmus paper). The latter are impressively accurate in the prehospital setting.
Capnography can be used for:
> Determining respiratory physiology, metabolism, and the adequacy
of cardiopulmonary resuscitation;
> Investigating panic disorders and asthma, and
> In conjunction with carbon dioxide therapy, treating certain sleep
disorders with abnormal patterns of breathing.
The American Society of Anesthesiologists, as well several other societies that ensure the quality of anesthesia care in their respective countries, have adopted capnography as an integral part of anesthesia monitoring.
For more information, please listen to Dr Peter Litchfield, President of Better Physiology Ltd, radio interview. Dr Litchfield interview
Distinct Touch uses a capnometer (capnograph), a carbon dioxide monitoring instrument designed for evaluating breathing as behavior, teaching breathing as behavior, and learning breathing as behavior. Dr Olivia Valenzuela, BD, DNM, has been trained and certified by Dr Peter Litchfield, a premier expert in Capno Therapy. well known leader in breathing therapy. She uses Capno Therapy to address many physical and emotional issues such as:
> sleep issues
> high blood pressure
> weight loss
> certain heart diseases
> fatigue Read More
Dr Olivia's (BD, DNM) experience and training as a Natural Medicine Doctor and A Bioenergetic Medicine Doctor allows her to determine If Capno Therapy is suitable to meet your needs and to determine how it should be used with other available modalities. Schedule an appointment online today. We will evaluate your condition and discuss what is needed for your specific situation.
1."Breathing Physiology People Learn Dysfunctional Breathing Habits, That Compromise Respiratory Fitness." Betterphysiology.com. Better Physiology Ltd, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2014.
2. Gravenstein, J. S.,Jaffe, M. B., and Paulus, D. A., "Capnography Clinical Aspects." US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. NCBI, Apr. 2006. Web. 30 Jan. 2014.
Capno Therapy is a form of biofeedback where a client uses a a machine called a capnometer to monitor their improper breathing patterns and relieve over breathing.
Learning to breathe properly through your abdomen instead of your chest will ensure that every part of your body is supplied with the right amount of oxygen to function healthily. Benefits of proper breathing may reduce chest pain, help eliminate toxins, reduce the need for artificial stimulants, and reduce mental and physical fatigue.